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Title: Growing season methane emissions from a permafrost peatland of northeast China: Observations using open-path eddy covariance method
Author: X. Y. Yu, C. C. Song, L. Sun, X. W. Wang, F. X. Shi, Q. Cui and W. W. Tan
Corresponding Author: 宋长春
Source: Atmospheric Environment
Issued Date: 2017
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.01.026
Volume: 153, Pages:135-149
Abstract: The mid-high latitude permafrost peatlands in the Northern Hemisphere is a major natural source of methane (CH4) to the atmosphere. Ecosystem scale CH4 emissions from a typical permafrost peatland in the Great Hing'an Mountains were observed during the growing season of 2014 and 2015 using the open-path eddy covariance method. Relevant environmental factors such as temperature and precipitation were also collected. There was a clear diurnal variation in methane emissions in the second half of each growing season, with significantly higher emission rates in the wet sector of study area. The daily CH4 exchange ranged from 1.8 mg CH4 m(-2) d(-1) to 40.2 mg CH4 m(-2) d-1 in 2014 and ranged from 3.9 to 15.0 mg CH4 m(-2) d(-1) in 2015. There were no peaks of CH4 fluxes during the spring thawing period. However; large peaks of CH4 emission were found in the second half of both growing seasons. The CH4 emission after Jul 25(th) accounted for 77.9% of total growing season emission in 2014 and 85.9% in 2015. The total CH4 emission during the growing season of 2014 and 2015 was approximately 1.52 g CH4 m(-2) and 0.71 g CH4 m-2, respectively. CH4 fluxes during the growing seasons were significantly correlated with thawing depth (R-2 = 0.71, P < 0.01,) and soil temperatures (R-2 = 0.75, P < 0.01) at 40 cm depth. An empirical equation using these two major variables was modified to estimate growing season CH4 emissions in permafrost peatlands. Our multiyear observations indicate that the time-lagged volume of precipitation during the growing season is a key factor in interpreting locally inter-annual variations in CH4 emissions. Our results suggested that the low temperature in the deep soil layers effectively restricts methane production and emission rates; these conditions may create significant positive feedback under global climate change. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Content Type: 期刊论文
URI: http://ir.iga.ac.cn/handle/131322/7545
Appears in Collections:湿地与全球变化学科组_期刊论文

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