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Title: Carbohydrate metabolism during new root growth in transplanted Larix olgensis seedlings: post-transplant response to nursery-applied inorganic fertilizer and organic amendment
Author: H. X. Wei and P. Guo
Corresponding Author: Guo, Peng
Source: Iforest-Biogeosciences and Forestry
Issued Date: 2017
DOI: 10.3832/ifor1988-009
Volume: 10, Pages:15-22
Abstract: Sustainable agriculture often requires the incorporation of organic matter into cultural protocols as an amendment to mitigate problems caused by chemical inputs, but the responses of transplanted seedlings to such additions have not been well quantified. In this study, bare-root Changbai larch (Larix olgensis Henry) seedlings were applied with 100 or 200 kg nitrogen (N) ha(-1) of inorganic fertilizer with or without chicken manure added at a rate of 10,000 kg ha(-1) during nursery cultivation, obtaining four treatment combinations designated as F100+, F200+, F100-, and F200-, respectively. Over-winter seedlings were transplanted into pots and placed in a growth chamber, where the carbohydrate metabolism, biomass accumulation, root respiration, and new root number were quantified. Both initial soluble sugar and total non-structural carbohydrate (TNC) accumulation were the lowest in the F100+ treatment. However, two months later, root soluble sugar content was the highest in this treatment, while coarse-root (diameter > 2mm) carbohydrate content was the highest in the low rate of inorganic fertilizer treatment. During the two-month post-transplant period, the net carbohydrate accumulation rate (NCAR) for starch was negative for all treatments, but the NCAR value for soluble sugars was the highest in the F100+ treatment at both the root and whole-plant scales. Relative to the F200- treatment, the NCAR value for soluble sugars, final sugar content, and biomass accumulation in coarse roots, respiration rate of fine roots (diameter <= 2 mm), and new root number were all greater in the F100+ treatment, while new root number was increased by organic matter additions. In conclusion, the use of chicken manure as an organic amendment had the potential to enhance transplanted larch seedling performance by improving post-transplant new root number, but this application must be considered within the context of the interaction between organic amendment treatments and inorganic fertilizer applications.
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Content Type: 期刊论文
URI: http://ir.iga.ac.cn/handle/131322/7586
Appears in Collections:湿地与全球变化学科组_期刊论文

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