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Dissolved carbon in a large variety of lakes across five limnetic regions in China
K. S. Song, Z. D. Wen, Y. J. Xu, H. Yang, L. L. Lyu, Y. Zhao, C. Fang, Y. X. Shang and J. Du
2018
Source PublicationJournal of Hydrology
Volume563Pages:143-154
Other AbstractDissolved carbon in lakes play a vital role in the global carbon cycling. The concentration and dynamics of lake dissolved carbon can be influenced by both the surrounding landscape and a combination of physical, chemical and biological processes within the lakes themselves. From 2009 to 2016, we conducted a large-scale assessment of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) in 249 lakes across a diverse range of climatic, geopedologic, topographical and hydrological conditions in five Chinese limnetic regions: the East Limnetic Region (ELR), the Northeast Limnetic Region (NLR), the Inner Mongolia-Xinjiang Limnetic Region (MXR), the Yungui Limnetic Region (YGR), and the Tibet-Qinghai Limnetic Region (TQR). We found that the density of the organic matter in the soil in the surrounding landscape plays an important role in the DOC and DIC in lake water, as was evidenced by the high DOC and DIC levels in the NLR, where the soil is respectively organically rich. Conditions in the arid and semi-arid environments (i.e. TQR and MXR) have created a number of brackish/saline lakes and here we found that, DOC and DIC levels (median: 21.79 and 93.72 mg/L, respectively) are significantly higher than those in the freshwater lakes (median: 5.80 and 29.38 mg/L). It also appears to be the case that the trophic state of freshwater lakes influences the spatial variation of DOC. This can be seen in the relationships between DOC and trophic state index (TSI) in agriculturally-dominated regions such as the ELR (R-2 = 0.59, p < 0.01), NLR (R-2 = 0.65, p < 0.001), and YGR (R-2 = 0.78, p < 0.001). Additionally, a close relationship between DOC and DIC can be found in lake waters with different trophic states (eutrophic: slp = 0.63, R-2 = 0.69; mesotrophic: slp = 1.03, R-2 = 0.65; oligotrophic: slp = 1.00, R-2 = 0.64). This indicates that human activities influence the quantity and quality of dissolved carbon in inland water across China. This study is able to provide insights regarding the potential effects of climate change and changes in land-use upon the amount of dissolved carbon in lake water. Deeper soil horizons might provide an opportunity to enhance C sequestration because soil organic matter (SOM) at depth is assumed to be stable. However, it is unknown whether the stable composition of organic carbon in subsoils changes with the length of cropping time and the type of soil. The objectives of this study were to determine the effects on the chemical structures of SOM of cropping time after conversion from grassland to arable land under a Phaeozem and Chernozem in northeast China. Near-quantitative multiple cross-polarization (multiCP) C-13 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy was applied, and 11 types of carbon (C) functional groups were identified. Principal component analysis of these functional groups showed that the chemical composition of SOM was differentiated by soil type and depth. The Phaeozem and Chernozem profiles differed mainly in their relative proportions of aromatic C-C and (CH2)(n) groups: the Phaeozem contained relatively more aromatic C-C, whereas the Chernozem contained relatively more (CH2)(n) groups. The fused-ring aromatic C-C carbon was probably derived from char-like organic matter generated by burning of plant litter or from SOM humification, whereas the (CH2)(n) groups were likely to be from plant- or microbially-derived residues. The main differences between top- and sub-soils were the occurrence of more protonated C in the topsoils and more non-protonated C in the subsoils. With increasing length of cropping time, aromatic C-C and C-O groups and COO/N-C=O groups increased, but (CH2)(n) groups decreased in the Phaeozem subsoils and increased in the Chernozem subsoils. Our findings suggested that leaching and soil moisture might influence the origin, redistribution and transformation of the recalcitrant components of SOM in the soil profile, resulting in changes in SOM composition under different climates and soil types.
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iga.ac.cn/handle/131322/9140
Collection湿地生态系统管理学科组
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
K. S. Song, Z. D. Wen, Y. J. Xu, H. Yang, L. L. Lyu, Y. Zhao, C. Fang, Y. X. Shang and J. Du. Dissolved carbon in a large variety of lakes across five limnetic regions in China[J]. Journal of Hydrology,2018,563:143-154.
APA K. S. Song, Z. D. Wen, Y. J. Xu, H. Yang, L. L. Lyu, Y. Zhao, C. Fang, Y. X. Shang and J. Du.(2018).Dissolved carbon in a large variety of lakes across five limnetic regions in China.Journal of Hydrology,563,143-154.
MLA K. S. Song, Z. D. Wen, Y. J. Xu, H. Yang, L. L. Lyu, Y. Zhao, C. Fang, Y. X. Shang and J. Du."Dissolved carbon in a large variety of lakes across five limnetic regions in China".Journal of Hydrology 563(2018):143-154.
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