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Integration of chemical and toxicological tools to assess the bioavailability of copper derived from different copper-based fungicides in soil
Q. Y. Wang, J. Y. Sun, X. J. Xu and H. W. Yu
2018
Source PublicationEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Volume161Pages:662-668
Other AbstractBecause the extensive use of Cu-based fungicides, the accumulation of Cu in agricultural soil has been widely reported. However, little information is known about the bioavailability of Cu deriving from different fungicides in soil. This paper investigated both the distribution behaviors of Cu from two commonly used fungicides (Bordeaux mixture and copper oxychloride) during the aging process and the toxicological effects of Cu on earthworms. Copper nitrate was selected as a comparison during the aging process. The distribution process of exogenous Cu into different soil fractions involved an initial rapid retention (the first 8 weeks) and a following slow continuous retention. Moreover, Cu mainly moved from exchangeable and carbonate fractions to Fe-Mn oxides-combined fraction during the aging process. The Elovich model fit well with the available Cu aging process, and the transformation rate was in the order of Cu(NO3)(2) > Bordeaux mixture > copper oxychloride. On the other hand, the biological responses of earthworms showed that catalase activities and malondialdehyde contents of the copper oxychloride treated earthworms were significantly higher than those of Bordeaux mixture treated earthworms. Also, body Cu loads of earthworms from different Cu compounds spiked soils were in the following order: copper oxychloride > Bordeaux mixture. Thus, the bioavailability of Cu from copper oxychloride in soil was significantly higher than that of Bordeaux mixture, and different Cu compounds should be taken into consideration when studying the bioavailability of Cu-based fungicides in the soil.
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iga.ac.cn/handle/131322/9200
Collection湿地生态系统管理学科组
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Q. Y. Wang, J. Y. Sun, X. J. Xu and H. W. Yu. Integration of chemical and toxicological tools to assess the bioavailability of copper derived from different copper-based fungicides in soil[J]. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety,2018,161:662-668.
APA Q. Y. Wang, J. Y. Sun, X. J. Xu and H. W. Yu.(2018).Integration of chemical and toxicological tools to assess the bioavailability of copper derived from different copper-based fungicides in soil.Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety,161,662-668.
MLA Q. Y. Wang, J. Y. Sun, X. J. Xu and H. W. Yu."Integration of chemical and toxicological tools to assess the bioavailability of copper derived from different copper-based fungicides in soil".Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 161(2018):662-668.
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