NEIGAE OpenIR
Regional Characteristics and Causes of Haze Events in Northeast China
W. W. Chen, S. C. Zhang, Q. S. Tong, X. L. Zhang, H. M. Zhao, S. Q. Ma, A. J. Xiu and Y. X. He
2018
发表期刊Chinese Geographical Science
卷号28页码:836-850
摘要Northeast China experiences severe atmospheric pollution, with an increasing occurrence of heavy haze episodes. However, the underlying forces driving haze formation during different seasons are poorly understood. In this study, we explored the spatio-temporal characteristics and causes of haze events in Northeast China by combining a range of data sources (i.e., ground monitoring, satellite-based products, and meteorological products). It was found that the Shenyang-Changchun-Harbin (SCH)'city belt was the most polluted area in the region on an annual scale. The spatial distribution of air quality index (AQI) values had a clear seasonality, with the worst pollution occurring in winter, an approximately oval-shaped polluted area around western Jilin Province in spring, and the best air quality occurring in summer and most of the autumn. The three periods that typically experienced intense haze events were Period I from mid-October to mid-November (i.e., late autumn and early winter), Period II from late-December to February (i.e., the coldest time in winter), and Period III from April to mid-May (i.e., spring). During Period I, strong PM2.5 emissions from seasonal crop residue burning and coal burning for winter heating were the dominant reasons for the occurrence of extreme haze events (AQI > 300). Period II had frequent heavy haze events (200 < AQI < 300) in the coldest months of January and February, which were due to high PM2.5 emissions from coal burning and vehicle fuel consumption, a lower atmospheric boundary layer, and stagnant atmospheric conditions. Haze events in Period III, with high PM10 concentrations, were primarily caused by the regional transportation of windblown dust from degraded grassland in central Inner Mongolia and bare soil in western Jilin Province. Local agricultural tilling could also release PM10 and enhance the levels of windblown dust from tilled soil. Better control of coal burning, fuel consumption, and crop residue burning in winter and autumn is urgently needed to address the haze problem in Northeast China.
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.iga.ac.cn/handle/131322/9234
专题中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所
作者单位中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
W. W. Chen, S. C. Zhang, Q. S. Tong, X. L. Zhang, H. M. Zhao, S. Q. Ma, A. J. Xiu and Y. X. He. Regional Characteristics and Causes of Haze Events in Northeast China[J]. Chinese Geographical Science,2018,28:836-850.
APA W. W. Chen, S. C. Zhang, Q. S. Tong, X. L. Zhang, H. M. Zhao, S. Q. Ma, A. J. Xiu and Y. X. He.(2018).Regional Characteristics and Causes of Haze Events in Northeast China.Chinese Geographical Science,28,836-850.
MLA W. W. Chen, S. C. Zhang, Q. S. Tong, X. L. Zhang, H. M. Zhao, S. Q. Ma, A. J. Xiu and Y. X. He."Regional Characteristics and Causes of Haze Events in Northeast China".Chinese Geographical Science 28(2018):836-850.
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