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Tensile properties of seminal and nodal roots and their relationship with the root diameter and planting density of maize (Zea mays)
S. Q. Liu, X. N. Li, X. C. Zhu and F. B. Song
2018
Source PublicationCrop & Pasture Science
Volume69Issue:7Pages:717-723
Other AbstractThe tensile property of roots is an important factor for anchorage and for resistance to root lodging. In this study, a root tensile test was applied to maize (Zea mays L.) grown in the field at three planting densities, 4.5x10(4), 6.75x10(4) and 9.0x10(4) plants ha(-1), to quantify the maximum tensile force (F-max) and tensile strength (T-s) of roots at the V10 stage (tenth leaf visible) and grain-filling stage. In addition, relationships among tensile properties, diameter and turgid weight:dry weight (TW:DW) ratio of roots were investigated. The results showed that the F-max of primary and seminal adventitious roots was lower than of nodal roots. Among nodal roots, the F-max of roots on upper nodes was higher. Planting density significantly affected the tensile force of nodal roots of the sixth to eighth tiers; their F-max decreased with increasing planting density. A positive linear correlation between F-max and root diameter and a power function between T-s and root diameter was observed. In addition, there was a positive linear correlation between the TW/DW ratio and root diameter and a negative exponential correlation between T-s and TW:DW ratio. Therefore, nodal roots with a lower TW:DW ratio could have a larger T-s, because their cells are smaller and cell walls are thicker. This result suggests that nodal roots with small and thick cells benefit the tensile properties of maize.
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.iga.ac.cn/handle/131322/9275
Collection湿地生态系统管理学科组
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
S. Q. Liu, X. N. Li, X. C. Zhu and F. B. Song. Tensile properties of seminal and nodal roots and their relationship with the root diameter and planting density of maize (Zea mays)[J]. Crop & Pasture Science,2018,69(7):717-723.
APA S. Q. Liu, X. N. Li, X. C. Zhu and F. B. Song.(2018).Tensile properties of seminal and nodal roots and their relationship with the root diameter and planting density of maize (Zea mays).Crop & Pasture Science,69(7),717-723.
MLA S. Q. Liu, X. N. Li, X. C. Zhu and F. B. Song."Tensile properties of seminal and nodal roots and their relationship with the root diameter and planting density of maize (Zea mays)".Crop & Pasture Science 69.7(2018):717-723.
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